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The effect of Pregnant woman behaviour on the incidence of Low Birth Weight Baby (LBW)

ABSTRACT

Sumartono Karjo, 2004. The effect of Pregnant woman behaviour on the incidence of Low Birth Weight Baby (LBW). A Thesis. Masters Program in Family Medicine. The Post Graduate Program, Sebelas Maret University.

The background of this research is the incidence of Low Birth Weight in Surakarta still hight, as a report of Public health care in Surakarta found 86 cases (0,85%) during 2002, it can cause problem on baby growth and High of infant Mortality rate.

This research is case-control study. The population of this research are the pregnant womans who have delivered Low birth weight baby (<2500 gms) as case group and pregnant womans who have delivered normal weight baby as control group. The case sample are 71 case incidence of LBW and the control sampel are 140 incidence of normal weight baby.The dependent variable is the incidence of Low Birth Weight baby, as independent variable is pregnant woman behavior with counfounding factors are education level, work activity, family earning, age, number of child, husband support, mother weight increase and cigarrete smoke exposure. Data is taken into Microsoft Excel then its transferredto SPSS version 10.0 to be analysed by the Multiple Logistic Regression model.

The result of it show that pregnant woman behavior have effect on incidence of Low birth weight baby, after estimating the effect of confounding factors like educational level, work activity, family earning, age, number of child, husband support, mother weight increase and cigarrete smoke exposure. Bad category of pregnant woman knowledge increase the incidence of low birth weight baby 1,065 times upper than good category (OR = 1,065; CI 95% = 0,456 – 2.007); bad category of pregnant woman attitute increase the insidence of LBW 1,318  times upper than good category (OR = 1,318; CI 95% = 0,495 – 3,512); while bad category of pregnant woman action increase the incidence of LBW 1,022 times upper than good category (OR = 1,022; CI 95% = 0,496 – 2,106). The other factors increasing risk of incident LBW are low education level, work activity,  low income family, age < 20, number of child >3, without husband support, mother weight increase  < 10 kg and cigarrete smoke exposure.

Suggested to pragnent woman in order to positive behavior in taking care of and reguarding her pregnancy to avoid the incidence of LBW and always report to health provider when she has complain with her pregnancy.

Keyword: Pregnacy – positive behavior – decreasing incidence of LBW

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